- Collars: If your dog generally walks well on leash and only lunges and pulls when they see another dog/person, then consider walking them on a front or back clip harness, the less pressure the dog has around their neck when they see a dog/person or what ever they are reactive towards, the less likely they are to form a negative association about what they are looking at. If your dog is a puller then teaching him to walk nicely will be your first task in low distraction environments, followed by working on his reactivity .
- Leashes: A longer leash allows for a smooth slow stop of your dog when they attempt to lunge or move forward towards a trigger rapidly rather then suddenly jolting them which can increase their reaction.
2. Technique is magic!
- Leash Handling: when you spot another dog/person on your walk, breath, relax, talk cheerfully but calmly to your dog and do your best to give your dog enough space to avoid an explosion by crossing the road or doing a U-turn and keep the leash loose by letting some extra leash out.
3. Emergency Commands!
- "This way": teach your dog that turning and following you is super fun by luring with a treat at first then turning and going the opposite direction and running to increase your dogs enjoyment, slowly fade the treat. Then you can use this to help distract them before they see the other dog/person and get enough distance between the two dogs to avoid a reaction
- "Touch": This is a great way to give your dog something to focus on rather then worrying about the other dog or person! Teach your dog to touch your hand with his nose by offering him your palm smelling of treats, then when he touches it, mark with 'yes' and reward with a treat.Once the dog understands the command, slowly fade the treats, but give a treat every now and then to keep your dog interested.